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Source code for pytorch_lightning.loggers.base

# Copyright The PyTorch Lightning team.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""Abstract base class used to build new loggers."""

import argparse
import functools
import operator
from abc import ABC, abstractmethod
from argparse import Namespace
from functools import wraps
from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Iterable, List, Mapping, MutableMapping, Optional, Sequence, Tuple, Union
from weakref import ReferenceType

import numpy as np
import torch

import pytorch_lightning as pl
from pytorch_lightning.callbacks.model_checkpoint import ModelCheckpoint
from pytorch_lightning.utilities import rank_zero_only
from pytorch_lightning.utilities.warnings import rank_zero_deprecation


[docs]def rank_zero_experiment(fn: Callable) -> Callable: """Returns the real experiment on rank 0 and otherwise the DummyExperiment.""" @wraps(fn) def experiment(self): @rank_zero_only def get_experiment(): return fn(self) return get_experiment() or DummyExperiment() return experiment
[docs]class LightningLoggerBase(ABC): """Base class for experiment loggers. Args: agg_key_funcs: Dictionary which maps a metric name to a function, which will aggregate the metric values for the same steps. agg_default_func: Default function to aggregate metric values. If some metric name is not presented in the `agg_key_funcs` dictionary, then the `agg_default_func` will be used for aggregation. Note: The `agg_key_funcs` and `agg_default_func` arguments are used only when one logs metrics with the :meth:`~LightningLoggerBase.agg_and_log_metrics` method. """ def __init__( self, agg_key_funcs: Optional[Mapping[str, Callable[[Sequence[float]], float]]] = None, agg_default_func: Callable[[Sequence[float]], float] = np.mean, ): self._prev_step: int = -1 self._metrics_to_agg: List[Dict[str, float]] = [] self._agg_key_funcs = agg_key_funcs if agg_key_funcs else {} self._agg_default_func = agg_default_func
[docs] def after_save_checkpoint(self, checkpoint_callback: "ReferenceType[ModelCheckpoint]") -> None: """Called after model checkpoint callback saves a new checkpoint. Args: checkpoint_callback: the model checkpoint callback instance """ pass
[docs] def update_agg_funcs( self, agg_key_funcs: Optional[Mapping[str, Callable[[Sequence[float]], float]]] = None, agg_default_func: Callable[[Sequence[float]], float] = np.mean, ): """Update aggregation methods. Args: agg_key_funcs: Dictionary which maps a metric name to a function, which will aggregate the metric values for the same steps. agg_default_func: Default function to aggregate metric values. If some metric name is not presented in the `agg_key_funcs` dictionary, then the `agg_default_func` will be used for aggregation. """ if agg_key_funcs: self._agg_key_funcs.update(agg_key_funcs) if agg_default_func: self._agg_default_func = agg_default_func
@property @abstractmethod def experiment(self) -> Any: """Return the experiment object associated with this logger.""" def _aggregate_metrics( self, metrics: Dict[str, float], step: Optional[int] = None ) -> Tuple[int, Optional[Dict[str, float]]]: """Aggregates metrics. Args: metrics: Dictionary with metric names as keys and measured quantities as values step: Step number at which the metrics should be recorded Returns: Step and aggregated metrics. The return value could be ``None``. In such case, metrics are added to the aggregation list, but not aggregated yet. """ # if you still receiving metric from the same step, just accumulate it if step == self._prev_step: self._metrics_to_agg.append(metrics) return step, None # compute the metrics agg_step, agg_mets = self._reduce_agg_metrics() # as new step received reset accumulator self._metrics_to_agg = [metrics] self._prev_step = step return agg_step, agg_mets def _reduce_agg_metrics(self): """Aggregate accumulated metrics.""" # compute the metrics if not self._metrics_to_agg: agg_mets = None elif len(self._metrics_to_agg) == 1: agg_mets = self._metrics_to_agg[0] else: agg_mets = merge_dicts(self._metrics_to_agg, self._agg_key_funcs, self._agg_default_func) return self._prev_step, agg_mets def _finalize_agg_metrics(self): """This shall be called before save/close.""" agg_step, metrics_to_log = self._reduce_agg_metrics() self._metrics_to_agg = [] if metrics_to_log is not None: self.log_metrics(metrics=metrics_to_log, step=agg_step)
[docs] def agg_and_log_metrics(self, metrics: Dict[str, float], step: Optional[int] = None): """Aggregates and records metrics. This method doesn't log the passed metrics instantaneously, but instead it aggregates them and logs only if metrics are ready to be logged. Args: metrics: Dictionary with metric names as keys and measured quantities as values step: Step number at which the metrics should be recorded """ agg_step, metrics_to_log = self._aggregate_metrics(metrics=metrics, step=step) if metrics_to_log: self.log_metrics(metrics=metrics_to_log, step=agg_step)
[docs] @abstractmethod def log_metrics(self, metrics: Dict[str, float], step: Optional[int] = None): """ Records metrics. This method logs metrics as as soon as it received them. If you want to aggregate metrics for one specific `step`, use the :meth:`~pytorch_lightning.loggers.base.LightningLoggerBase.agg_and_log_metrics` method. Args: metrics: Dictionary with metric names as keys and measured quantities as values step: Step number at which the metrics should be recorded """ pass
@staticmethod def _convert_params(params: Union[Dict[str, Any], Namespace]) -> Dict[str, Any]: # in case converting from namespace if isinstance(params, Namespace): params = vars(params) if params is None: params = {} return params @staticmethod def _sanitize_callable_params(params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Sanitize callable params dict, e.g. ``{'a': <function_**** at 0x****>} -> {'a': 'function_****'}``. Args: params: Dictionary containing the hyperparameters Returns: dictionary with all callables sanitized """ def _sanitize_callable(val): # Give them one chance to return a value. Don't go rabbit hole of recursive call if isinstance(val, Callable): try: _val = val() if isinstance(_val, Callable): return val.__name__ return _val # todo: specify the possible exception except Exception: return getattr(val, "__name__", None) return val return {key: _sanitize_callable(val) for key, val in params.items()} @staticmethod def _flatten_dict(params: Dict[Any, Any], delimiter: str = "/") -> Dict[str, Any]: """Flatten hierarchical dict, e.g. ``{'a': {'b': 'c'}} -> {'a/b': 'c'}``. Args: params: Dictionary containing the hyperparameters delimiter: Delimiter to express the hierarchy. Defaults to ``'/'``. Returns: Flattened dict. Examples: >>> LightningLoggerBase._flatten_dict({'a': {'b': 'c'}}) {'a/b': 'c'} >>> LightningLoggerBase._flatten_dict({'a': {'b': 123}}) {'a/b': 123} >>> LightningLoggerBase._flatten_dict({5: {'a': 123}}) {'5/a': 123} """ def _dict_generator(input_dict, prefixes=None): prefixes = prefixes[:] if prefixes else [] if isinstance(input_dict, MutableMapping): for key, value in input_dict.items(): key = str(key) if isinstance(value, (MutableMapping, Namespace)): value = vars(value) if isinstance(value, Namespace) else value yield from _dict_generator(value, prefixes + [key]) else: yield prefixes + [key, value if value is not None else str(None)] else: yield prefixes + [input_dict if input_dict is None else str(input_dict)] return {delimiter.join(keys): val for *keys, val in _dict_generator(params)} @staticmethod def _sanitize_params(params: Dict[str, Any]) -> Dict[str, Any]: """Returns params with non-primitvies converted to strings for logging. >>> params = {"float": 0.3, ... "int": 1, ... "string": "abc", ... "bool": True, ... "list": [1, 2, 3], ... "namespace": Namespace(foo=3), ... "layer": torch.nn.BatchNorm1d} >>> import pprint >>> pprint.pprint(LightningLoggerBase._sanitize_params(params)) # doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE {'bool': True, 'float': 0.3, 'int': 1, 'layer': "<class 'torch.nn.modules.batchnorm.BatchNorm1d'>", 'list': '[1, 2, 3]', 'namespace': 'Namespace(foo=3)', 'string': 'abc'} """ for k in params.keys(): # convert relevant np scalars to python types first (instead of str) if isinstance(params[k], (np.bool_, np.integer, np.floating)): params[k] = params[k].item() elif type(params[k]) not in [bool, int, float, str, torch.Tensor]: params[k] = str(params[k]) return params
[docs] @abstractmethod def log_hyperparams(self, params: argparse.Namespace, *args, **kwargs): """Record hyperparameters. Args: params: :class:`~argparse.Namespace` containing the hyperparameters args: Optional positional arguments, depends on the specific logger being used kwargs: Optional keywoard arguments, depends on the specific logger being used """
[docs] def log_graph(self, model: "pl.LightningModule", input_array=None) -> None: """Record model graph. Args: model: lightning model input_array: input passes to `model.forward` """ pass
[docs] def log_text(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: """Log text. Arguments are directly passed to the logger. """ raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def log_image(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: """Log image. Arguments are directly passed to the logger. """ raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def save(self) -> None: """Save log data.""" self._finalize_agg_metrics()
[docs] def finalize(self, status: str) -> None: """Do any processing that is necessary to finalize an experiment. Args: status: Status that the experiment finished with (e.g. success, failed, aborted) """ self.save()
[docs] def close(self) -> None: """Do any cleanup that is necessary to close an experiment. See deprecation warning below. .. deprecated:: v1.5 This method is deprecated in v1.5 and will be removed in v1.7. Please use `LightningLoggerBase.finalize` instead. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "`LightningLoggerBase.close` method is deprecated in v1.5 and will be removed in v1.7." " Please use `LightningLoggerBase.finalize` instead." ) self.save()
@property def save_dir(self) -> Optional[str]: """Return the root directory where experiment logs get saved, or `None` if the logger does not save data locally.""" return None @property def group_separator(self): """Return the default separator used by the logger to group the data into subfolders.""" return "/" @property @abstractmethod def name(self) -> str: """Return the experiment name.""" @property @abstractmethod def version(self) -> Union[int, str]: """Return the experiment version.""" def _add_prefix(self, metrics: Dict[str, float]): if self._prefix: metrics = {f"{self._prefix}{self.LOGGER_JOIN_CHAR}{k}": v for k, v in metrics.items()} return metrics
[docs]class LoggerCollection(LightningLoggerBase): """The :class:`LoggerCollection` class is used to iterate all logging actions over the given `logger_iterable`. Args: logger_iterable: An iterable collection of loggers """ def __init__(self, logger_iterable: Iterable[LightningLoggerBase]): super().__init__() self._logger_iterable = logger_iterable def __getitem__(self, index: int) -> LightningLoggerBase: return list(self._logger_iterable)[index]
[docs] def after_save_checkpoint(self, checkpoint_callback: "ReferenceType[ModelCheckpoint]") -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.after_save_checkpoint(checkpoint_callback)
[docs] def update_agg_funcs( self, agg_key_funcs: Optional[Mapping[str, Callable[[Sequence[float]], float]]] = None, agg_default_func: Callable[[Sequence[float]], float] = np.mean, ): for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.update_agg_funcs(agg_key_funcs, agg_default_func)
@property def experiment(self) -> List[Any]: """Returns a list of experiment objects for all the loggers in the logger collection.""" return [logger.experiment for logger in self._logger_iterable]
[docs] def agg_and_log_metrics(self, metrics: Dict[str, float], step: Optional[int] = None): for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.agg_and_log_metrics(metrics, step)
[docs] def log_metrics(self, metrics: Dict[str, float], step: Optional[int] = None) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.log_metrics(metrics, step)
[docs] def log_hyperparams(self, params: Union[Dict[str, Any], Namespace]) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.log_hyperparams(params)
[docs] def log_graph(self, model: "pl.LightningModule", input_array=None) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.log_graph(model, input_array)
[docs] def log_text(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.log_text(*args, **kwargs)
[docs] def log_image(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.log_image(*args, **kwargs)
[docs] def save(self) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.save()
[docs] def finalize(self, status: str) -> None: for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.finalize(status)
[docs] def close(self) -> None: """ .. deprecated:: v1.5 This method is deprecated in v1.5 and will be removed in v1.7. Please use `LoggerCollection.finalize` instead. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "`LoggerCollection.close` method is deprecated in v1.5 and will be removed in v1.7." " Please use `LoggerCollection.finalize` instead." ) for logger in self._logger_iterable: logger.close()
@property def save_dir(self) -> Optional[str]: """Returns ``None`` as checkpoints should be saved to default / chosen location when using multiple loggers.""" # Checkpoints should be saved to default / chosen location when using multiple loggers return None @property def name(self) -> str: """Returns the experiment names for all the loggers in the logger collection joined by an underscore.""" return "_".join(str(logger.name) for logger in self._logger_iterable) @property def version(self) -> str: """Returns the experiment versions for all the loggers in the logger collection joined by an underscore.""" return "_".join(str(logger.version) for logger in self._logger_iterable)
[docs]class DummyExperiment: """Dummy experiment.""" def nop(self, *args, **kw): pass def __getattr__(self, _): return self.nop def __getitem__(self, idx) -> "DummyExperiment": # enables self.logger.experiment[0].add_image(...) return self def __setitem__(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: pass
[docs]class DummyLogger(LightningLoggerBase): """Dummy logger for internal use. It is useful if we want to disable user's logger for a feature, but still ensure that user code can run """ def __init__(self): super().__init__() self._experiment = DummyExperiment() @property def experiment(self) -> DummyExperiment: """Return the experiment object associated with this logger.""" return self._experiment
[docs] def log_metrics(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: pass
[docs] def log_hyperparams(self, *args, **kwargs) -> None: pass
@property def name(self) -> str: """Return the experiment name.""" return "" @property def version(self) -> str: """Return the experiment version.""" return "" def __getitem__(self, idx) -> "DummyLogger": # enables self.logger[0].experiment.add_image(...) return self def __iter__(self): # if DummyLogger is substituting a logger collection, pretend it is empty yield from ()
[docs]def merge_dicts( dicts: Sequence[Mapping], agg_key_funcs: Optional[Mapping[str, Callable[[Sequence[float]], float]]] = None, default_func: Callable[[Sequence[float]], float] = np.mean, ) -> Dict: """Merge a sequence with dictionaries into one dictionary by aggregating the same keys with some given function. Args: dicts: Sequence of dictionaries to be merged. agg_key_funcs: Mapping from key name to function. This function will aggregate a list of values, obtained from the same key of all dictionaries. If some key has no specified aggregation function, the default one will be used. Default is: ``None`` (all keys will be aggregated by the default function). default_func: Default function to aggregate keys, which are not presented in the `agg_key_funcs` map. Returns: Dictionary with merged values. Examples: >>> import pprint >>> d1 = {'a': 1.7, 'b': 2.0, 'c': 1, 'd': {'d1': 1, 'd3': 3}} >>> d2 = {'a': 1.1, 'b': 2.2, 'v': 1, 'd': {'d1': 2, 'd2': 3}} >>> d3 = {'a': 1.1, 'v': 2.3, 'd': {'d3': 3, 'd4': {'d5': 1}}} >>> dflt_func = min >>> agg_funcs = {'a': np.mean, 'v': max, 'd': {'d1': sum}} >>> pprint.pprint(merge_dicts([d1, d2, d3], agg_funcs, dflt_func)) {'a': 1.3, 'b': 2.0, 'c': 1, 'd': {'d1': 3, 'd2': 3, 'd3': 3, 'd4': {'d5': 1}}, 'v': 2.3} """ agg_key_funcs = agg_key_funcs or {} keys = list(functools.reduce(operator.or_, [set(d.keys()) for d in dicts])) d_out = {} for k in keys: fn = agg_key_funcs.get(k) values_to_agg = [v for v in [d_in.get(k) for d_in in dicts] if v is not None] if isinstance(values_to_agg[0], dict): d_out[k] = merge_dicts(values_to_agg, fn, default_func) else: d_out[k] = (fn or default_func)(values_to_agg) return d_out

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