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Source code for pytorch_lightning.core.datamodule

# Copyright The PyTorch Lightning team.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""LightningDataModule for loading DataLoaders with ease."""

import functools
from argparse import ArgumentParser, Namespace
from typing import Any, List, Mapping, Optional, Sequence, Tuple, Union

from torch.utils.data import DataLoader, Dataset, IterableDataset

from pytorch_lightning.core.hooks import CheckpointHooks, DataHooks
from pytorch_lightning.core.mixins import HyperparametersMixin
from pytorch_lightning.utilities import rank_zero_deprecation
from pytorch_lightning.utilities.argparse import add_argparse_args, from_argparse_args, get_init_arguments_and_types


[docs]class LightningDataModule(CheckpointHooks, DataHooks, HyperparametersMixin): """ A DataModule standardizes the training, val, test splits, data preparation and transforms. The main advantage is consistent data splits, data preparation and transforms across models. Example:: class MyDataModule(LightningDataModule): def __init__(self): super().__init__() def prepare_data(self): # download, split, etc... # only called on 1 GPU/TPU in distributed def setup(self, stage): # make assignments here (val/train/test split) # called on every process in DDP def train_dataloader(self): train_split = Dataset(...) return DataLoader(train_split) def val_dataloader(self): val_split = Dataset(...) return DataLoader(val_split) def test_dataloader(self): test_split = Dataset(...) return DataLoader(test_split) def teardown(self): # clean up after fit or test # called on every process in DDP A DataModule implements 6 key methods: * **prepare_data** (things to do on 1 GPU/TPU not on every GPU/TPU in distributed mode). * **setup** (things to do on every accelerator in distributed mode). * **train_dataloader** the training dataloader. * **val_dataloader** the val dataloader(s). * **test_dataloader** the test dataloader(s). * **teardown** (things to do on every accelerator in distributed mode when finished) This allows you to share a full dataset without explaining how to download, split, transform, and process the data """ name: str = ... def __init__(self, train_transforms=None, val_transforms=None, test_transforms=None, dims=None): super().__init__() self._train_transforms = train_transforms self._val_transforms = val_transforms self._test_transforms = test_transforms self._dims = dims if dims is not None else () # Pointer to the trainer object self.trainer = None # Private attrs to keep track of whether or not data hooks have been called yet self._has_prepared_data = False self._has_setup_fit = False self._has_setup_validate = False self._has_setup_test = False self._has_setup_predict = False self._has_teardown_fit = False self._has_teardown_validate = False self._has_teardown_test = False self._has_teardown_predict = False @property def train_transforms(self): """ Optional transforms (or collection of transforms) you can apply to train dataset """ return self._train_transforms @train_transforms.setter def train_transforms(self, t): self._train_transforms = t @property def val_transforms(self): """ Optional transforms (or collection of transforms) you can apply to validation dataset """ return self._val_transforms @val_transforms.setter def val_transforms(self, t): self._val_transforms = t @property def test_transforms(self): """ Optional transforms (or collection of transforms) you can apply to test dataset """ return self._test_transforms @test_transforms.setter def test_transforms(self, t): self._test_transforms = t @property def dims(self): """ A tuple describing the shape of your data. Extra functionality exposed in ``size``. """ return self._dims @dims.setter def dims(self, d): self._dims = d
[docs] def size(self, dim=None) -> Union[Tuple, int]: """ Return the dimension of each input either as a tuple or list of tuples. You can index this just as you would with a torch tensor. """ if dim is not None: return self.dims[dim] return self.dims
@property def has_prepared_data(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.prepare_data()`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.prepare_data()`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_prepared_data` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_prepared_data @property def has_setup_fit(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.setup(stage='fit')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True ``if datamodule.setup(stage='fit')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation("DataModule property `has_setup_fit` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6.") return self._has_setup_fit @property def has_setup_validate(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.setup(stage='validate')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.setup(stage='validate')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_setup_validate` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_setup_validate @property def has_setup_test(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.setup(stage='test')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.setup(stage='test')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_setup_test` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_setup_test @property def has_setup_predict(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.setup(stage='predict')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.setup(stage='predict')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_setup_predict` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_setup_predict @property def has_teardown_fit(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='fit')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True ``if datamodule.teardown(stage='fit')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_teardown_fit` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_teardown_fit @property def has_teardown_validate(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='validate')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='validate')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_teardown_validate` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_teardown_validate @property def has_teardown_test(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='test')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='test')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_teardown_test` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_teardown_test @property def has_teardown_predict(self) -> bool: """Return bool letting you know if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='predict')`` has been called or not. Returns: bool: True if ``datamodule.teardown(stage='predict')`` has been called. False by default. .. deprecated:: v1.4 Will be removed in v1.6.0. """ rank_zero_deprecation( "DataModule property `has_teardown_predict` was deprecated in v1.4 and will be removed in v1.6." ) return self._has_teardown_predict
[docs] @classmethod def add_argparse_args(cls, parent_parser: ArgumentParser, **kwargs) -> ArgumentParser: """Extends existing argparse by default `LightningDataModule` attributes.""" return add_argparse_args(cls, parent_parser, **kwargs)
[docs] @classmethod def from_argparse_args(cls, args: Union[Namespace, ArgumentParser], **kwargs): """Create an instance from CLI arguments. Args: args: The parser or namespace to take arguments from. Only known arguments will be parsed and passed to the :class:`~pytorch_lightning.core.datamodule.LightningDataModule`. **kwargs: Additional keyword arguments that may override ones in the parser or namespace. These must be valid DataModule arguments. Example:: parser = ArgumentParser(add_help=False) parser = LightningDataModule.add_argparse_args(parser) module = LightningDataModule.from_argparse_args(args) """ return from_argparse_args(cls, args, **kwargs)
[docs] @classmethod def get_init_arguments_and_types(cls) -> List[Tuple[str, Tuple, Any]]: r"""Scans the DataModule signature and returns argument names, types and default values. Returns: List with tuples of 3 values: (argument name, set with argument types, argument default value). """ return get_init_arguments_and_types(cls)
[docs] @classmethod def from_datasets( cls, train_dataset: Optional[Union[Dataset, Sequence[Dataset], Mapping[str, Dataset]]] = None, val_dataset: Optional[Union[Dataset, Sequence[Dataset]]] = None, test_dataset: Optional[Union[Dataset, Sequence[Dataset]]] = None, batch_size: int = 1, num_workers: int = 0, ): r""" Create an instance from torch.utils.data.Dataset. Args: train_dataset: (optional) Dataset to be used for train_dataloader() val_dataset: (optional) Dataset or list of Dataset to be used for val_dataloader() test_dataset: (optional) Dataset or list of Dataset to be used for test_dataloader() batch_size: Batch size to use for each dataloader. Default is 1. num_workers: Number of subprocesses to use for data loading. 0 means that the data will be loaded in the main process. Number of CPUs available. """ def dataloader(ds: Dataset, shuffle: bool = False) -> DataLoader: shuffle &= not isinstance(ds, IterableDataset) return DataLoader(ds, batch_size=batch_size, shuffle=shuffle, num_workers=num_workers, pin_memory=True) def train_dataloader(): if isinstance(train_dataset, Mapping): return {key: dataloader(ds, shuffle=True) for key, ds in train_dataset.items()} if isinstance(train_dataset, Sequence): return [dataloader(ds, shuffle=True) for ds in train_dataset] return dataloader(train_dataset, shuffle=True) def val_dataloader(): if isinstance(val_dataset, Sequence): return [dataloader(ds) for ds in val_dataset] return dataloader(val_dataset) def test_dataloader(): if isinstance(test_dataset, Sequence): return [dataloader(ds) for ds in test_dataset] return dataloader(test_dataset) datamodule = cls() if train_dataset is not None: datamodule.train_dataloader = train_dataloader if val_dataset is not None: datamodule.val_dataloader = val_dataloader if test_dataset is not None: datamodule.test_dataloader = test_dataloader return datamodule
def __new__(cls, *args: Any, **kwargs: Any) -> "LightningDataModule": obj = super().__new__(cls) # track `DataHooks` calls obj.prepare_data = cls._track_data_hook_calls(obj, obj.prepare_data) obj.setup = cls._track_data_hook_calls(obj, obj.setup) obj.teardown = cls._track_data_hook_calls(obj, obj.teardown) return obj @staticmethod def _track_data_hook_calls(obj: "LightningDataModule", fn: callable) -> callable: """A decorator that checks if prepare_data/setup/teardown has been called. - When ``dm.prepare_data()`` is called, ``dm.has_prepared_data`` gets set to True - When ``dm.setup()``, ``dm.has_setup_{fit,validate,test}`` get set to True - When ``dm.setup(stage)`` is called, where stage is any of ``{fit,validate,test,predict}``. Its corresponding `dm_has_setup_{stage}` attribute gets set to True - ``dm.teardown()`` and ``dm.teardown(stage)`` act exactly like ``dm.setup`` Args: obj: Object whose function will be tracked fn: Function that will be tracked to see if it has been called. Returns: Decorated function that tracks its call status and saves it to private attrs in its obj instance. """ @functools.wraps(fn) def wrapped_fn(*args: str, **kwargs: Optional[str]) -> Any: name = fn.__name__ has_run = False # If calling setup, we check the stage and assign stage-specific bool args if name in ("setup", "teardown"): # Get stage either by grabbing from args or checking kwargs. # If not provided, set call status of 'fit', 'validate', and 'test' to True. # We do this so __attach_datamodule in trainer.py doesn't mistakenly call # setup('test') on trainer.test() stage = args[0] if len(args) else kwargs.get("stage", None) if stage is None: has_run = True for s in ("fit", "validate", "test"): attr = f"_has_{name}_{s}" has_run &= getattr(obj, attr) setattr(obj, attr, True) else: attr = f"_has_{name}_{stage}" has_run = getattr(obj, attr) setattr(obj, attr, True) elif name == "prepare_data": has_run = obj._has_prepared_data obj._has_prepared_data = True if has_run: rank_zero_deprecation( f"DataModule.{name} has already been called, so it will not be called again. " f"In v1.6 this behavior will change to always call DataModule.{name}." ) else: fn(*args, **kwargs) return wrapped_fn def __getstate__(self) -> dict: # avoids _pickle.PicklingError: Can't pickle <...>: it's not the same object as <...> d = self.__dict__.copy() for fn in ("prepare_data", "setup", "teardown"): del d[fn] return d

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