Source code for pytorch_lightning.metrics.metric

# Copyright The PyTorch Lightning team.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import functools
from abc import ABC, abstractmethod
from import Sequence
from copy import deepcopy
from typing import Any, Callable, Optional, Union

import torch
from torch import nn

from pytorch_lightning.metrics.utils import _flatten, dim_zero_cat, dim_zero_mean, dim_zero_sum
from pytorch_lightning.utilities.apply_func import apply_to_collection
from pytorch_lightning.utilities.distributed import gather_all_tensors

[docs]class Metric(nn.Module, ABC): """ Base class for all metrics present in the Metrics API. Implements ``add_state()``, ``forward()``, ``reset()`` and a few other things to handle distributed synchronization and per-step metric computation. Override ``update()`` and ``compute()`` functions to implement your own metric. Use ``add_state()`` to register metric state variables which keep track of state on each call of ``update()`` and are synchronized across processes when ``compute()`` is called. Note: Metric state variables can either be ``torch.Tensors`` or an empty list which can we used to store `torch.Tensors``. Note: Different metrics only override ``update()`` and not ``forward()``. A call to ``update()`` is valid, but it won't return the metric value at the current step. A call to ``forward()`` automatically calls ``update()`` and also returns the metric value at the current step. Args: compute_on_step: Forward only calls ``update()`` and returns None if this is set to False. default: True dist_sync_on_step: Synchronize metric state across processes at each ``forward()`` before returning the value at the step. process_group: Specify the process group on which synchronization is called. default: None (which selects the entire world) dist_sync_fn: Callback that performs the allgather operation on the metric state. When `None`, DDP will be used to perform the allgather. default: None """ def __init__( self, compute_on_step: bool = True, dist_sync_on_step: bool = False, process_group: Optional[Any] = None, dist_sync_fn: Callable = None, ): super().__init__() self.dist_sync_on_step = dist_sync_on_step self.compute_on_step = compute_on_step self.process_group = process_group self.dist_sync_fn = dist_sync_fn self._to_sync = True self.update = self._wrap_update(self.update) self.compute = self._wrap_compute(self.compute) self._computed = None self._forward_cache = None # initialize state self._defaults = {} self._persistent = {} self._reductions = {}
[docs] def add_state( self, name: str, default, dist_reduce_fx: Optional[Union[str, Callable]] = None, persistent: bool = False ): """ Adds metric state variable. Only used by subclasses. Args: name: The name of the state variable. The variable will then be accessible at ````. default: Default value of the state; can either be a ``torch.Tensor`` or an empty list. The state will be reset to this value when ``self.reset()`` is called. dist_reduce_fx (Optional): Function to reduce state accross mutliple processes in distributed mode. If value is ``"sum"``, ``"mean"``, or ``"cat"``, we will use ``torch.sum``, ``torch.mean``, and ```` respectively, each with argument ``dim=0``. Note that the ``"cat"`` reduction only makes sense if the state is a list, and not a tensor. The user can also pass a custom function in this parameter. persistent (Optional): whether the state will be saved as part of the modules ``state_dict``. Default is ``False``. Note: Setting ``dist_reduce_fx`` to None will return the metric state synchronized across different processes. However, there won't be any reduction function applied to the synchronized metric state. The metric states would be synced as follows - If the metric state is ``torch.Tensor``, the synced value will be a stacked ``torch.Tensor`` across the process dimension if the metric state was a ``torch.Tensor``. The original ``torch.Tensor`` metric state retains dimension and hence the synchronized output will be of shape ``(num_process, ...)``. - If the metric state is a ``list``, the synced value will be a ``list`` containing the combined elements from all processes. Note: When passing a custom function to ``dist_reduce_fx``, expect the synchronized metric state to follow the format discussed in the above note. """ if ( not isinstance(default, torch.Tensor) and not isinstance(default, list) # noqa: W503 or (isinstance(default, list) and len(default) != 0) # noqa: W503 ): raise ValueError( "state variable must be a tensor or any empty list (where you can append tensors)" ) if dist_reduce_fx == "sum": dist_reduce_fx = dim_zero_sum elif dist_reduce_fx == "mean": dist_reduce_fx = dim_zero_mean elif dist_reduce_fx == "cat": dist_reduce_fx = dim_zero_cat elif dist_reduce_fx is not None and not isinstance(dist_reduce_fx, Callable): raise ValueError( "`dist_reduce_fx` must be callable or one of ['mean', 'sum', 'cat', None]" ) setattr(self, name, default) self._defaults[name] = deepcopy(default) self._persistent[name] = persistent self._reductions[name] = dist_reduce_fx
[docs] @torch.jit.unused def forward(self, *args, **kwargs): """ Automatically calls ``update()``. Returns the metric value over inputs if ``compute_on_step`` is True. """ # add current step with torch.no_grad(): self.update(*args, **kwargs) self._forward_cache = None if self.compute_on_step: self._to_sync = self.dist_sync_on_step # save context before switch self._cache = {attr: getattr(self, attr) for attr in self._defaults.keys()} # call reset, update, compute, on single batch self.reset() self.update(*args, **kwargs) self._forward_cache = self.compute() # restore context for attr, val in self._cache.items(): setattr(self, attr, val) self._to_sync = True self._computed = None return self._forward_cache
def _sync_dist(self, dist_sync_fn=gather_all_tensors): input_dict = {attr: getattr(self, attr) for attr in self._reductions.keys()} output_dict = apply_to_collection( input_dict, torch.Tensor, dist_sync_fn, group=self.process_group, ) for attr, reduction_fn in self._reductions.items(): # pre-processing ops (stack or flatten for inputs) if isinstance(output_dict[attr][0], torch.Tensor): output_dict[attr] = torch.stack(output_dict[attr]) elif isinstance(output_dict[attr][0], list): output_dict[attr] = _flatten(output_dict[attr]) assert isinstance(reduction_fn, (Callable)) or reduction_fn is None reduced = reduction_fn(output_dict[attr]) if reduction_fn is not None else output_dict[attr] setattr(self, attr, reduced) def _wrap_update(self, update): @functools.wraps(update) def wrapped_func(*args, **kwargs): self._computed = None return update(*args, **kwargs) return wrapped_func def _wrap_compute(self, compute): @functools.wraps(compute) def wrapped_func(*args, **kwargs): # return cached value if self._computed is not None: return self._computed dist_sync_fn = self.dist_sync_fn if (dist_sync_fn is None and torch.distributed.is_available() and torch.distributed.is_initialized()): # User provided a bool, so we assume DDP if available dist_sync_fn = gather_all_tensors if self._to_sync and dist_sync_fn is not None: self._sync_dist(dist_sync_fn) self._computed = compute(*args, **kwargs) self.reset() return self._computed return wrapped_func
[docs] @abstractmethod def update(self) -> None: # pylint: disable=E0202 """ Override this method to update the state variables of your metric class. """ pass
[docs] @abstractmethod def compute(self): # pylint: disable=E0202 """ Override this method to compute the final metric value from state variables synchronized across the distributed backend. """ pass
[docs] def reset(self): """ This method automatically resets the metric state variables to their default value. """ for attr, default in self._defaults.items(): current_val = getattr(self, attr) if isinstance(default, torch.Tensor): setattr(self, attr, deepcopy(default).to(current_val.device)) else: setattr(self, attr, deepcopy(default))
def __getstate__(self): # ignore update and compute functions for pickling return {k: v for k, v in self.__dict__.items() if k not in ["update", "compute"]} def __setstate__(self, state): # manually restore update and compute functions for pickling self.__dict__.update(state) self.update = self._wrap_update(self.update) self.compute = self._wrap_compute(self.compute) def _apply(self, fn): """ Overwrite _apply function such that we can also move metric states to the correct device when `.to`, `.cuda`, etc methods are called """ self = super()._apply(fn) # Also apply fn to metric states for key in self._defaults.keys(): current_val = getattr(self, key) if isinstance(current_val, torch.Tensor): setattr(self, key, fn(current_val)) elif isinstance(current_val, Sequence): setattr(self, key, [fn(cur_v) for cur_v in current_val]) else: raise TypeError('Expected metric state to be either a torch.Tensor' f'or a list of torch.Tensor, but encountered {current_val}') return self
[docs] def persistent(self, mode: bool = False): """ Method for post-init to change if metric states should be saved to its state_dict """ for key in self._persistent.keys(): self._persistent[key] = mode
def state_dict(self, destination=None, prefix='', keep_vars=False): destination = super().state_dict( destination=destination, prefix=prefix, keep_vars=keep_vars ) # Register metric states to be part of the state_dict for key in self._defaults.keys(): if self._persistent[key]: current_val = getattr(self, key) if not keep_vars: if torch.is_tensor(current_val): current_val = current_val.detach() elif isinstance(current_val, list): current_val = [ cur_v.detach() if torch.is_tensor(cur_v) else cur_v for cur_v in current_val ] destination[prefix + key] = current_val return destination

© Copyright Copyright (c) 2018-2021, William Falcon et al... Revision c462b274.

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